1951 Academy Awards

Danny Kaye was the host of the 1951 Academy Awards.

The 24th Academy Awards ceremony was held March 20, 1952 at the RKO Pantages Theatre in Hollywood, California to recognize the greatest film efforts for the year 1951.

Gene Kelly was awarded an honorary Oscar in appreciation of his many talents as an actor, singer, and dancer. He was specifically recognized for his superb skills as a film choreographer and as a director.

The Academy Awards Winners Were

BEST PICTURE

Arthur Freed for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer – An American in Paris
Anatole Litvak and Frank McCarthy for 20th Century Fox – Decision Before Dawn
George Stevens for Paramount Pictures – A Place in the Sun
Sam Zimbalist for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer – Quo Vadis
Charles K. Feldman for Warner Bros. – A Streetcar Named Desire

“An American in Paris” received eight Academy Awards nominations and received the top honor for Best Picture at the 1951 Academy Awards. It also garnered an Oscar for Best Art, Best Cinematography, Best Costume Design, Best Musical Score, and Best Writing, Scoring and Screenplay. Vincente Minnelli was nominated for Best Director for the film but lost out to George Stevens for “A Place in the Sun”.

The MGM musical set in Paris was inspired by the 1928 orchestral composition by George Gershwin and starred Gene Kelly and Leslie Caron. The film ended with a 16 minute production of “The American in Paris” ballet which cost an unheard of at that time half a million dollars.

BEST ACTOR

Humphrey Bogart – The African Queen
Marlon Brando – A Streetcar Named Desire
Montgomery Clift – A Place in the Sun
Arthur Kennedy – Bright Victory
Fredric March – Death of a Salesman

Humphrey Bogart was named Best Actor at the 1951 Academy Awards for his portrayal of the gruff Canadian boat captain, Charlie Allnut, in “The African Queen”.

Humphrey Bogart was born December 25, 1899 and began acting in 1921. The American Film Institute ranked him as the greatest male star in American films and he remains a cultural icon today.

BEST ACTRESS

Vivien Leigh – A Streetcar Named Desire
Katharine Hepburn – The African Queen
Eleanor Parker – Detective Story
Shelley Winters – A Place in the Sun
Jane Wyman – The Blue Veil

Vivian Leigh was named the 1951 Academy Awards winner for Best Actress and Kim Hunter was awarded Best Supporting Actress for “A Streetcar Named Desire.” Katharine Hepburn’s performance in “The African Queen” was the 1951 crowd favorite.

Born Vivian Mary Hartley on November 5, 1913, Leigh died in London, England on July 8, 1967 at only 53. She married Laurence Olivier in 1940 after meeting and falling in love with him three years earlier while both were married to others.

Vivien Leigh Best Actress 1951
Vivien Leigh Accepting Oscar

1951 ACADEMY AWARDS FOR BEST DIRECTOR

George Stevens – A Place in the Sun
John Huston – The African Queen
Elia Kazan – A Streetcar Named Desire
Vincente Minnelli – An American in Paris
William Wyler – Detective Story

1951 ACADEMY AWARDS FOR BEST SUPPORTING ACTOR

Karl Malden – A Streetcar Named Desire
Leo Genn – Quo Vadis
Kevin McCarthy – Death of a Salesman
Peter Ustinov – Quo Vadis
Gig Young – Come Fill the Cup

1951 ACADEMY AWARDS FOR BEST SUPPORTING ACTRESS

Kim Hunter – A Streetcar Named Desire
Joan Blondell – The Blue Veil
Mildred Dunnock – Death of a Salesman
Lee Grant – Detective Story
Thelma Ritter – The Mating Season

BEST COSTUME DESIGN IN BLACK AND WHITE

A Place in the Sun – Edith Head
A Streetcar Named Desire – Lucinda Ballard
The Model and the Marriage Broker – Charles LeMaire and Renie
Kind Lady – Walter Plunkett and Gile Steele
The Mudlark – Edward Stevenson and Margaret Furse

BEST COSTUME DESIGN IN COLOR

An American in Paris – Orry-Kelly, Walter Plunkett and Irene Sharaff
Tales of Hoffmann – Hein Heckroth
David and Bathsheba – Charles LeMaire and Edward Stevenson
Quo Vadis – Herschel McCoy
The Great Caruso – Helen Rose and Gile Steele

BEST ORIGINAL SONG

In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening” from Here Comes the Groom – Music by Hoagy             Carmichael; Lyric by Johnny Mercer
“A Kiss to Build a Dream On” from The Strip – Music and Lyric by Bert Kalmar, Harry Ruby          and Oscar Hammerstein II
“Never” from Golden Girl – Music by Lionel Newman; Lyric by Eliot Daniel
“Too Late Now” from Royal Wedding – Music by Burton Lane; Lyric by Alan Jay Lerner
“Wonder Why” from Rich, Young and Pretty – Music by Nicholas Brodszky; Lyric by Sammy    Cahn

BEST MUSICAL SCORE

An American in Paris – Johnny Green and Saul Chaplin
The Great Caruso – Peter Herman Adler and Johnny Green
Show Boat – Adolph Deutsch and Conrad Salinger
On the Riviera – Alfred Newman
Alice in Wonderland – Oliver Wallace

BEST SCREENPLAY

A Place in the Sun – Michael Wilson and Harry Brown
The African Queen – James Agee and John Huston
La Ronde – Jacques Natanson and Max Ophüls
A Streetcar Named Desire – Tennessee Williams
Detective Story – Philip Yordan and Robert Wyler

BEST STORY

Seven Days to Noon – Paul Dehn and James Bernard
Bullfighter and the Lady – Budd Boetticher and Ray Nazarro
Teresa – Alfred Hayes and Stewart Stern
The Frogmen – Oscar Millard
Here Comes the Groom – Robert Riskin and Liam O’Brien

BEST STORY AND SCREENPLAY

An American in Paris – Alan Jay Lerner
David and Bathsheba – Philip Dunne
The Well – Clarence Greene and Russell Rouse
Go for Broke! – Robert Pirosh
The Big Carnival – Billy Wilder, Lesser Samuels and Walter Newman

BEST CINEMATOGRAPHY – BLACK AND WHITE

A Place in the Sun – William C. Mellor
The Frogmen – Norbert Brodine
Strangers on a Train – Robert Burks
Death of a Salesman – Franz Planer
A Streetcar Named Desire – Harry Stradling

BEST CINEMATOGRAPHY – COLOR

An American in Paris – Alfred Gilks and John Alton
        Show Boat – Charles Rosher
When Worlds Collide – John F. Seitz and W. Howard Greene
David and Bathsheba – Leon Shamroy
Quo Vadis – Robert Surtees and William V. Skall

BEST ART DIRECTION IN BLACK AND WHITE

A Streetcar Named Desire – Art Direction: Richard Day; Set Decoration: George James Hopkins
La Ronde – Art Direction and Set Decoration: D’Eaubonne
Too Young to Kiss – Art Direction: Cedric Gibbons and Paul Groesse; Set Decoration: Edwin         B. Willis and Jack D. Moore
House on Telegraph Hill – Art Direction: Lyle Wheeler and John DeCuir; Set Decoration:         Thomas Little and Paul S. Fox
Fourteen Hours – Art Direction: Lyle Wheeler and Leland Fuller; Set Decoration: Thomas         Little and Fred J. Rode

BEST ART DIRECTION IN COLOR

An American in Paris – Art Direction: Cedric Gibbons and Preston Ames; Set Decoration: Edwin B. Willis and Keogh Gleason
Tales of Hoffmann – Art Direction and Set Decoration: Hein Heckroth
Quo Vadis – Art Direction: William A. Horning, Cedric Gibbons and Edward Carfagno; Set Decoration: Hugh Hunt
David and Bathsheba – Art Direction: Lyle Wheeler and George Davis; Set Decoration: Thomas Little and Paul S. Fox
On the Riviera – Art Direction: Lyle Wheeler and Leland Fuller; Musical Settings: Joseph C. Wright; Set Decoration: Thomas Little and Walter M. Scott

BEST FILM EDITING

A Place in the Sun – William Hornbeck
An American in Paris – Adrienne Fazan
The Well – Chester Schaeffer
Decision Before Dawn – Dorothy Spencer
Quo Vadis – Ralph E. Winters

BEST VISUAL EFFECTS

When Worlds Collide

Presenters for the 1951 Academy Awards ceremony included fifties greats Greer Garson, Donald O’Connor, Cyd Charisse, Lucille Ball, and Zsa Zsa Gabor.

A Streetcar Named Desire received the most Oscar nominations for the 1951 ceremony with a total of twelve and winning four.

1950 Academy Awards
1952 Academy Awards
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