1954 Academy Awards

1954 Academy Awards were held March 30, 1955 at the RKO Pantages Theatre in Hollywood, California and the NBC Century Theatre in New York City. Bob Hope and Thelma Ritter hosted the ceremonies.

Top stars presenting Oscars for the best film effort during 1954 in the 27th Academy Awards included Grace Kelly, Frank Sinatra, Donna Reed, Lauren Bacall, William Holden, and Bing Crosby.

1954 BEST PICTURE AWARDS

Sam Spiegel for Columbia Pictures – On the Waterfront
Stanley Kramer for Columbia Pictures – The Caine Mutiny
William Perlberg for Paramount Pictures – The Country Girl
Jack Cummings for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer – Seven Brides for Seven Brothers
Sol C. Siegel for 20th Century Fox – Three Coins in the Fountain

On The Waterfront won the Best Picture Academy Award with Marlon Brando awarded the Best Actor Oscar. The union violence and corruption among longshoremen based film received eight Academy Awards. The movie was filmed in Hoboken, New Jersey among the docks and slums in order to add realism.

1954 Academy Awards Best Actor

Marlon Brando – On the Waterfront
Humphrey Bogart – The Caine Mutiny
Bing Crosby – The Country Girl
James Mason – A Star Is Born
Dan O’Herlihy – Robinson Crusoe

Marlon Brando won the Best Actor Oscar for his role in “On The Waterfront” with Lee J. Cobb and Karl Malden receiving Best Supporting nominations for their roles in the same film.

Marlon Brando was born April 3, 1924 and died at the age of 80 on July 1, 2004. He has often been referred to as one of the most influential actors of the twentieth century.

Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando

Prior to his 1954 Academy Award winnng performance as Terry Malloy in “On the Waterfront”, Brando received iconic pop culture standing and anti-hero branding for his 1953 role as Johnny Strabler in “The Wild One” where he rode his own Triumph Thunderbird 6T motorcycle. He was also nominated for an Academy Award for his Stanley Kowalski role in “A Streetcar Named Desire.”

The 1954 Academy Awards Best Actress

Grace Kelly – The Country Girl
Dorothy Dandridge – Carmen Jones
Judy Garland – A Star Is Born
Audrey Hepburn – Sabrina
Jane Wyman – Magnificent Obsession

Grace Kelly won an Oscar at the 1954 Academy Awards for her performance in “The Country Girl” although Audrey Hepburn’s performance in “Sabrina” has enjoyed lasting popularity.

Commonly known today as Princess Grace, Grace Kelly was born November 12, 1929 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and died in Monaco September 14, 1982 from injuries in an automobile accident.

Her film debut was in the 1951 movie “Fourteen Hours” where she was noticed by Gary Cooper. The next year she would co-star with him in his Best Actor award winnng performance in the film “High Noon.”

Kelly co-starred with Clark Gable and Ava Gardner in the 1953 film “Mogambo” which filmed in Africa.

She starred in three Alfred Hitchcock films “Dial M for Murder”, “Rear Window”, and “To Catch a Thief” in which she was one of the so-called “Hitchcock blondes.” The feature film “High Society” in 1956 was her last performance before her fairy tale wedding to Prince Rainier of Monaco.

1954 Best Director Award

Elia Kazan – On the Waterfront
Alfred Hitchcock – Rear Window
George Seaton – The Country Girl
William A. Wellman – The High and the Mighty
Billy Wilder – Sabrina

1954 Best Supporting Actor

Edmond O’Brien – The Barefoot Contessa
Lee J. Cobb – On the Waterfront
Karl Malden – On the Waterfront
Rod Steiger – On the Waterfront
Tom Tully – The Caine Mutiny

1954 Best Supporting Actress

Eva Marie Saint – On the Waterfront
Nina Foch – Executive Suite
Katy Jurado – Broken Lance
Jan Sterling – The High and the Mighty
Claire Trevor – The High and the Mighty

1954 Academy Awards in Costume Design

Best Costume Design – Black and White

Sabrina – Edith Head
The Earrings of Madame de… – Georges Annenkov and Rosine Delamare
Executive Suite – Helen Rose
It Should Happen to You – Jean Louis
Indiscretion of an American Wife – Christian Dior

Best Costume Design in Color

The Gate of Hell – Sanzo Wada
Brigadoon – Irene Sharaff
Desiree – Charles LeMaire and Rene Hubert
A Star Is Born – Jean Louis, Mary Ann Nyberg and Irene Sharaff
There’s No Business Like Show Business – Charles LeMaire, Travilla and Miles White

Best Original Song

“Three Coins in the Fountain” from Three Coins in the Fountain – Music by Jule Styne; Lyric by Sammy Cahn
“Count Your Blessings Instead of Sheep” from White Christmas – Music and Lyric by Irving Berlin “The High and the Mighty” from The High and the Mighty – Music by Dimitri Tiomkin; Lyric by Ned Washington
“Hold My Hand” from Susan Slept Here – Music and Lyric by Jack Lawrence and Richard Myers
“The Man That Got Away” from A Star Is Born – Music by Harold Arlen; Lyric by Ira Gershwin

Best Original Score

Seven Brides for Seven Brothers – Adolph Deutsch and Saul Chaplin
Carmen Jones – Herschel Burke Gilbert
The Glenn Miller Story – Joseph Gershenson and Henry Mancini
A Star Is Born – Ray Heindorf
There’s No Business Like Show Business – Alfred Newman and Lionel Newman

1953 Academy Awards in Writing

Best Screenplay

On the Waterfront – Budd Schulberg
The Barefoot Contessa – Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Genevieve – William Rose
The Glenn Miller Story – Valentine Davies and Oscar Brodney
Knock on Wood – Norman Panama and Melvin Frank

Best Story

Broken Lance – Philip Yordan
Bread, Love and Dreams – Ettore Maria Margadonna
Forbidden Games – Francois Boyer
Night People – Jed Harris and Tom Reed
There’s No Business Like Show Business – Lamar Trotti

Best Story and Screenplay

The Country Girl – George Seaton
The Caine Mutiny – Stanley Roberts
Rear Window – John Michael Hayes
Sabrina – Billy Wilder, Samuel A. Taylor and Ernest Lehman
Seven Brides for Seven Brothers – Albert Hackett, Frances Goodrich and Dorothy Kingsley

Best Cinematography in Black and White

On the Waterfront – Boris Kaufman
The Country Girl – John F. Warren
Executive Suite – George Folsey
Rogue Cop – John Seitz
Sabrina – Charles Lang, Jr.

Best Cinematography in Color

Three Coins in the Fountain – Milton Krasner
The Egyptian – Leon Shamroy
Rear Window – Robert Burks
Seven Brides for Seven Brothers – George Folsey
The Silver Chalice – William V. Skall

Best Art Direction in Black and White

On the Waterfront – Art Direction and Set Decoration: Richard Day
The Country Girl – Art Direction: Hal Pereira and Roland Anderson; Set Decoration: Sam Comer and Grace Gregory
Executive Suite – Art Direction: Cedric Gibbons and Edward Carfagno; Set Decoration: Edwin B. Willis and Emile Kuri
Le plaisir – Art Direction and Set Decoration: Max Ophüls
Sabrina – Art Direction: Hal Pereira and Walter Tyler; Set Decoration: Sam Comer and Ray Moyer

Best Art Direction in Color

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea – Art Direction: John Meehan; Set Decoration: Emile Kuri
Brigadoon – Art Direction: Cedric Gibbons and Preston Ames; Set Decoration: Edwin B. Willis and Keogh Gleason
Desiree – Art Direction: Lyle Wheeler and Leland Fuller; Set Decoration: Walter M. Scott and Paul S. Fox
Red Garters – Art Direction: Hal Pereira and Roland Anderson; Set Decoration: Sam Comer and Ray Moyer
A Star Is Born – Art Direction: Malcolm Bert, Gene Allen and Irene Sharaff; Set Decoration: George James Hopkins

Best Film Editing

On the Waterfront – Gene Milford
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea – Elmo Williams
The Caine Mutiny – William A. Lyon and Henry Batista
The High and the Mighty – Ralph Dawson
Seven Brides for Seven Brothers – Ralph E. Winters

Best Visual Effects

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea
Hell and High Water
Them!

Surprising upsets at the 1954 Academy Awards included the Best Actor and the Best Actress categories. Bing Crosby was the favored Oscar nominee for his performance in The Country Girl with Grace Kelly. Marlon Brando received the Oscar.

Judy Garland was the favored Best Actress nominee at the 1954 Academy Awards for her performance in A Star is Born. Grace Kelly was awarded the Oscar.

Dorothy Dandridge became the first African American actress to receive a nomination for Best Actress.

1953 Academy Awards
1955 Academy Awards
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