1955 Academy Awards

The 1955 Academy Awards were held at the RKO Pantages Theatre in Los Angeles, California on March 21, 1956. Jerry Lewis hosted the Hollywood ceremonies with Claudette Colbert and Joseph Mankiewicz co-hosting the television broadcast in New York City to award the top film making efforts for the year 1955.

The low budget film “Marty” received 4 Oscars at the 28th Academy Awards.

Among the celebrities presenting awards were Grace Kelly, Peggy Lee, Audrey Hepburn, and James Cagney. Performers included Harry Belafonte, Jerry Lewis, Eddie Fisher, and Dean Martin.

The 1955 Best Picture Nominees Were

Harold Hecht for United Artists – Marty
Buddy Adler for 20th Century Fox – Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing
Leland Hayward for Warner Bros. – Mister Roberts
Fred Kohlmar for Columbia Pictures – Picnic
Hal B. Wallis for Paramount Pictures – The Rose Tattoo

Marty was the 1955 Academy Awards winner in the Best Picture, Best Actor, Best Director, and Best Screenplay categories. Although the Delbert Mann directed film based on a teleplay of the same name written by Paddy Chayefsky completed with a budget of only $343,000, it garnered box office revenues of $3,000,000.

Ernest Borgnine and Grace Kelly
Ernest Borgnine and Grace Kelly

Ernest Borgnine won Best Actor for his portrayal of a 34 year old unmarried butcher who meets resistance from his mother and friends when he finally meets a woman he feels he could marry. The film went on to bring international success to both Ernest Borgnine and Betsy Blair and won the Palme d”Or at the Cannes Film Festival.

The 1955 Academy Awards for Best Actor

Ernest Borgnine – Marty
James Cagney – Love Me or Leave Me
James Dean – East of Eden
Frank Sinatra – The Man with the Golden Arm
Spencer Tracy – Bad Day at Black Rock

Ernest Borgnine won for the 1955 Academy Award winning film “Marty.” James Dean’s role in “East of Eden” and Sal Mineo’s in “Rebel Without A Cause” introduced them to the teen fans. James Dean received a posthumous nomination for best actor in “East of Eden.”

Ernest Borgnine was born January 24, 1917 and has enjoyed sixty years of acting success. During the 1950s, he was best known as a character actor. His portrayal of the affable butcher in the 1955 film “Marty” won him an Academy Award for best actor.

The 1955 Academy Awards for Best Actress

Anna Magnani – The Rose Tattoo
Susan Hayward – I’ll Cry Tomorrow
Katharine Hepburn – Summertime
Jennifer Jones – Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing
Eleanor Parker – Interrupted Melody

Anna Magnani won top female award for “The Rose Tatoo.” A nod was given to the young Natalie Wood for her breakout performance in the crowd favorite “Rebel Without a Cause.”

Magnani was born March 7, 1908 in Rome Italy and died September 26, 1973 at the age of 65.

An Italian stage and film actress, Life magazine reported in 1950 that she was the most impressive actress since Greta Garbo. Playwright Tennessee Williams wrote “The Rose Tattoo” with her in mind.

The 1955 Best Director Award

Delbert Mann – Marty
Elia Kazan – East of Eden
David Lean – Summertime
Joshua Logan – Picnic
John Sturges – Bad Day at Black Rock

1955 Best Supporting Actor Award

Jack Lemmon – Mister Roberts
Arthur Kennedy – Trial
Joe Mantell – Marty
Sal Mineo – Rebel Without a Cause
Arthur O’Connell – Picnic

1955 Best Supporting Actress Award

Jo Van Fleet – East of Eden
Betsy Blair – Marty
Peggy Lee – Pete Kelly’s Blues
Marisa Pavan – The Rose Tattoo
Natalie Wood – Rebel Without a Cause

1955 Academy Awards in Costume Design

Best Costume Design – Black and White

I’ll Cry Tomorrow – Helen Rose
The Pickwick Papers – Beatrice Dawson
Queen Bee – Jean Louis
The Rose Tattoo – Edith Head
Ugetsu – Tadaoto Kainosho

Best Costume Design – Color

Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing – Charles LeMaire
Interrupted Melody – Helen Rose
Guys and Dolls – Irene Sharaff
To Catch a Thief – Edith Head
The Virgin Queen – Charles LeMaire and Mary Wills

Best Original Song

“Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing” from Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing – Music by Sammy Fain; Lyric by Paul Francis Webster
“I’ll Never Stop Loving You” from Love Me or Leave Me – Music by Nicholas Brodszky; Lyric by Sammy Cahn
“Something’s Gotta Give” from Daddy Long Legs – Music and Lyric by Johnny Mercer
“The Tender Trap” from The Tender Trap – Music by James Van Heusen; Lyric by Sammy Cahn
“Unchained Melody” from Unchained – Music by Alex North; Lyric by Hy Zaret

Best Original Score

Oklahoma! – Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton and Adolph Deutsch
Daddy Long Legs – Alfred Newman
Guys and Dolls – Jay Blackton and Cyril J. Mockridge
It’s Always Fair Weather – André Previn
Love Me or Leave Me – Percy Faith and George Stoll

1955 Academy Awards in Writing

Best Screenplay

Marty – Paddy Chayefsky
Bad Day at Black Rock – Millard Kaufman
Blackboard Jungle – Richard Brooks
East of Eden – Paul Osborn
Love Me or Leave Me – Daniel Fuchs and Isobel Lennart

Best Story

Love Me or Leave Me – Daniel Fuchs
The Private War of Major Benson – Joe Connelly and Bob Mosher
Rebel Without a Cause – Nicholas Ray
Strategic Air Command – Beirne Lay, Jr.
The Sheep Has Five Legs – Jean Marsan, Henri Troyat, Jacques Perret, Henri Verneuil and Raoul Ploquin

Best Story and Screenplay

Interrupted Melody – William Ludwig and Sonya Levien
The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell – Milton Sperling and Emmet Lavery
It’s Always Fair Weather – Betty Comden and Adolph Green
Mr. Hulot’s Holiday – Jacques Tati and Henri Marquet
The Seven Little Foys – Melville Shavelson and Jack Rose

Best Cinematography in Black and White

The Rose Tattoo – James Wong Howe
Blackboard Jungle – Russell Harlan
I’ll Cry Tomorrow – Arthur E. Arling
Marty – Joseph LaShelle
Queen Bee – Charles Lang

Best Cinematography in Color

To Catch a Thief – Robert Burks
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing – Leon Shamroy
Guys and Dolls – Harry Stradling
A Man Called Peter – Harold Lipstein
Oklahoma! – Robert Surtees

Best Art Direction in Black and White

The Rose Tattoo – Art Direction: Hal Pereira and Tambi Larsen; Set Decoration: Sam Comer and Arthur Krams
Blackboard Jungle – Art Direction: Cedric Gibbons and Randall Duell; Set Decoration: Edwin B. Willis and Henry Grace
I’ll Cry Tomorrow – Art Direction: Cedric Gibbons and Malcolm Brown; Set Decoration: Edwin B. Willis and Hugh B. Hunt
The Man with the Golden Arm – Art Direction: Joseph C. Wright; Set Decoration: Darrell Silvera
Marty – Art Direction: Edward S. Haworth and Walter Simonds; Set Decoration: Robert Priestley

Best Art Direction in Color

Picnic – Art Direction: William Flannery and Jo Mielziner; Set Decoration: Robert Priestley
Daddy Long Legs – Art Direction: Lyle Wheeler and John DeCuir; Set Decoration: Walter M. Scott and Paul S. Fox
Guys and Dolls – Art Direction: Oliver Smith and Joseph C. Wright; Set Decoration: Howard Bristol
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing – Art Direction: Lyle Wheeler and George Davis; Set Decoration: Walter M. Scott and Jack Stubbs
To Catch a Thief – Art Direction: Hal Pereira and Joseph McMillan Johnson; Set Decoration: Sam Comer and Arthur Krams

1955 Academy Awards in Film Editing

Picnic – Charles Nelson and William A. Lyon
Blackboard Jungle – Ferris Webster
The Bridges at Toko-Ri – Alma Macrorie
Oklahoma! – Gene Ruggiero and George Boemler
The Rose Tattoo – Warren Low

Best Visual Effects

The Bridges at Toko-Ri
The Dam Busters
The Rains of Ranchipur

1954 Academy Awards
1956 Academy Awards
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